Whether you’re living with celiac disease, a gluten sensitivity, or eat gluten-free as a personal choice, you should not be denied delicious, nutritious, gluten-free baked treats.
With so many gluten-free flours available, it can be difficult to choose which one will suit your needs and recipe. Because gluten-flours can be so different in terms of nutritional value and how they act within a recipe, we’re breaking down the five best gluten-free flours you’ll want to have in your pantry for delicious gluten-free baking.
Want homemade gluten free treats without the hassle of mixing flours yourself? Make sure you read on to number 5 on our list.
Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain, which means that it creates one of the best gluten-free flours that is especially high in fibre, protein, and iron. Because it’s so high in fibre and is gluten-free, it’s easy to digest and is safe for those with celiac disease. Sorghum flour is also high in antioxidants and tannins, both of which can help to reduce inflammation. Sorghum flour is also high in phosphorus, an important nutrient for energy, bones, and teeth. Just make sure that you opt for the whole-grain variety, which contains the most nutrients.
What It’s Best For:
Sorghum flour has a dense texture and a mild sweet flavour, making it a good choice for dense cakes, artisan breads, cookies, and muffins. Because sorghum flour contains no gluten, you do need to use a binder. You can combine sorghum flour with other gluten-free flour mixes or swap in 1 cup of sorghum flour for every 1 cup of wheat flour in your favourite recipes, adding 1 tablespoon of a binder like xanthan gum, egg whites, or arrowroot for every cup of sorghum flour used.
Recipes Using Sorghum Flour to Try:
- Sorghum Banana Cake with Peanut Butter Glaze: The natural sweetness of bananas pairs well with the mildly sweet flavour of sorghum flour in this gluten-free cake recipe, which gets a light and fluffy texture thanks to the addition of arrowroot alongside sorghum flour. The whole cake is then topped with a beautiful peanut butter glaze sweetened naturally with a touch of maple syrup.
- Gooey Gluten-Free Cinnamon Rolls: Yes, you can have delicious and satisfying cinnamon rolls while being gluten-free! The recipe uses a mix of the best gluten-free flours including sorghum flour, oat flour, tapioca starch, and sweet rice flour to create cinnamon rolls that are soft yet hold their shape.
- Healthy Coffee Cake Banana Bread: Start your day off right with this yummy combination of coffee cake and banana bread that also happens to be dairy-free and sugar-free in addition to gluten-free. It’s made from a combination of sorghum and oat flours to create a high protein and high fibre treat.
Millet Flour (Millet Seed Flour)
Made from ground millet, millet flour is a whole grain gluten-free flour that is great for your digestive health. With a low glycemic index, it digests more slowly to keep you feeling satisfied longer. It’s also high in antioxidant and protein, as well as important nutrients like iron and magnesium, making it a nutritious flour to add to your kitchen cupboard. Millet flour, in particular, is great for heart health, as it can help to lower cholesterol thanks to its soluble fibre content.
What It’s Best For:
With a mild flavour and more cake-like crumb and delicate texture, millet flour is one of the best gluten-free flours for creating soft breads, cookies, pancakes and muffins., Because it has a slightly nutty flavour, it works well in both sweet and savoury recipes.
Recipes Using Millet Flour to Try:
- Gluten-Free Chocolate Cake: This easy gluten-free classic chocolate cake uses a blend of millet and sorghum flours, with sweet rice flour used as the binder. The chocolate cake gets in-depth sweet flavour from coconut sugar and is iced with a decadent chocolate frosting.
- Gluten-Free Pumpkin Streusel Muffins: Especially delicious warm right out of the oven, these pumpkin muffins are swirled with comforting cinnamon, pumpkin pie spice, and chopped walnuts and topped with a satisfying brown sugar streusel topping.
- Gluten-Free Naan Bread: Millet flour is an important component of the gluten-free flour mix used in this naan bread, which uses psyllium husk to create that stretchy texture. This recipe can also be easily made vegan by opting for dairy-free yoghurt.
Chia Flour (Chia Seed Flour)
Chia flour is made from the nutrient-packed chia seed, making it yet another one of the best gluten-free flours with plenty of added health benefits. It’s high in essential nutrients like fibre, protein, and omega-3 fatty acids, the latter of which is beneficial for heart health, brain health, and reducing inflammation. Chia flour is also high in calcium, making it a great gluten-free flour for vegan baking.
What It’s Best For:
With a slightly nuttier flavour, chia flour works well when added to other gluten-free flours for a nutritional boost, and works especially well in breads. For firmer doughs, like for baking cookies, you can even replace all the wheat flour with chia flour. If you can’t find it in-store, make your own chia flour easily at home by blending chia seeds in the food processor until a flour forms.
Recipes Using Chia Flour to Try:
- Grain-Free Keto Yeast Bread: If you love multigrain bread but are looking for a gluten-free alternative, this bread is a go-to. Made with chia flour and flaxseed flour, it creates a crusty, dense bread that can be topped with crunchy additions like hemp seeds, pumpkin seeds, and sunflower seeds.
- Chia Seed Mocha Brownies: This healthy twist on brownies has you making flour from chia seeds in your food processor, is sweetened naturally with stevia, and is loaded with plenty of chocolate chips and dark chocolate chunks.
- Flourless Chocolate Chip Cookies: Ground flax and chia form the “flour” of these flourless chocolate chip cookies alongside delicious peanut butter. Plus, with a few simple ingredients, they’re easy to whip up anytime you have a sweet craving.
Garbanzo Bean Flour
Garbanzo bean, or chickpea flour, is an awesome protein and fibre-packed flour. It’s a great source of soluble fibre, which can help to lower unhealthy cholesterol. Garbanzo bean flour is also high in iron, making it another great gluten-free flour for vegans or plant-based eaters. In addition to being loaded with nutrients like magnesium and B6, garbanzo bean or chickpea flour has a low glycemic index so it digests more slowly to keep you fuller longer without spiking your blood sugar.
What It’s Best For:
Garbanzo bean flour has a mild flavour so it works well in a variety of baked goods from savoury items like crackers, pizza crusts, and breads to sweet items like blondies, brownies and pancakes. You can add garbanzo bean flour to your gluten-free flour mix to up the fibre and protein in your recipe or swap out half the flour in your favorite quick breads. Garbanzo bean flour can also be used as a binder in breads, fritters, and falafels.
Recipes Using Garbanzo Bean Flour to Try:
- 4-Ingredient Chickpea Flour Pancakes: With only four ingredients, these fluffy gluten-free pancakes are easy enough to make that you don’t have to save pancakes for the weekend. Choose the sweetener that works best for your lifestyle, rather its erythritol or coconut sugar.
- Chickpea Flour Brownies: Chickpea flour gives these brownies a delicious satisfying texture as well as a boost of fibre and protein. Plus, the addition of instant coffee and sea salt brings out the dark chocolate flavour even more.
- Chickpea Flour Crust Pizza: Lower in carbs than traditional pizza dough, this gluten-free alternative mixes chickpea flour with a few simple ingredients like olive oil and salt to create a crust that can be topped with your favourite pizza toppings.
1-for-1 Superfood Baking Mix (Gluten Free/Vegan)
Made with a combination of millet flour and sorghum flour as well as natural binders, our 1-for-1 Superfood Baking Flour is a nutrient-packed gluten-free flour. If you want an easy to use gluten free flour without the hassle of mixing them yourself, this one’s for you! In addition to being gluten-free, it’s also nut-free and vegan, making it suitable for many digest. Plus, we love that it’s low in fat and contains no cholesterol, making it a healthy baking option.
What It’s Best For:
If you’re new to gluten-free baking or are looking for something easy, we’ve created one of the best gluten-free flour mixes. Because our blend contains tapioca starch and xanthan gum, it’s easy to sub in 1 for 1 in your favourite recipes. We especially like it for cupcakes, cookies, and brownies.
Recipes to Try 1-for-1 Gluten Free Flour In:
- Homemade Jam and Banana Muffins: This delicious muffin flavour swirls your favourite jam inside a gluten-free banana muffin that is the perfect breakfast on-the-go. Plus, they’re dairy-free and vegan to work for a variety of diets.
- The Best Gluten-Free Brownies: If you dream of gluten-free brownies with a fudge inside and crispy top, we’ve got you covered. This recipe uses our gluten-free flour mix along with essential brownie ingredients, so you won’t miss the gluten.
- The Chewiest Double Choc and Sea Salt Cookies: With the chewiest texture, these gluten-free cookies contain two types of chocolate as well as sea salt to create an indulgent and satisfying feeling cookie.